In the countryside over 13 million peasants died from famine, a lot of which came from the Ukraine. He further emphasized his call for massive industrialization when he spoke to his industrial managers in"We are years behind the How successful were stalins economic policies countries.
The system of differentiation was introduced whereby people with special skills were given rewards and benefits in form of housing. However this system backfired and meant that once again the political aims Stalin set hindered the economic progress of the country, because the kulaks were the most successful, efficient and hard-working peasants, and Stalin eliminated them all, leaving only the incapable, slow peasants to do all the work.
This is a huge success as everything industrial has rose. For instance between and the cattle population declined from Stalin also continued to sell grain abroad.
Factories were built before houses which were just built in between if any were built. Stalin believed that this Western attack could happen very soon so speed was very important.
History and the people of Kazakhstan will not soon forget the policies of Stalin nor will the consequences behind the failures of collectivization and massive industrialization quickly depart. In the countryside there was also success with the completion of Collectivisation.
It was not a success in terms of gaining popularity with them — peasants especially kulaks were fiercely against it, because they stood to lose everything they had worked for.
This insecurity in the Soviet system was even further exacerbated by the rocky period of transition and the shaky events surrounding the succession of power. While Stalin may not have considered these far reaching impacts of his idealistic economic policies, they have nonetheless shaped the development of the nation of Kazakhstan and have affected their citizens in a dramatic fashion.
Before collectivisation farmland was divided up into tiny plots of land for each individual peasant where they could grow food for themselves and sell the surplus on for profit.
In the target for electricity was Also Communists controlled the countryside preventing any future rebellion, there was enough food to feed the towns even in the shortage of and there was enough surplus of food to sell to other countries for industrialisation to take place.
They disliked the idea that the farms were under the control of local Communist leader Kulaks resisted the policy; when the Red guards came to seize their grains and sent them to labour camps; many burned their crops and killed their animals. This again is a huge success, everything has improved and with things like the underground everyone around the world will be impressed with Communism.
This figure is also an example of how Russia learned from the first Five Year Plan and improved in the second — targets were generally closer to being met in the second Five Year Plan than the first.
Their tactics of imprisonment, deportation and execution did nothing to quell the real problem of the decline food consumption per head. As well as this, although the number of pigs increased from 20 million in to 29 million inmost other animal numbers decreased dramatically. This created a number of problems.
Yet whatever hardships the workers faced, the fact that Russia was ultimately capable, in an economic sense, of defeating Nazi Germany in a successful military struggle shows that some of the economic implications enforced during the s were at the very least marginally productive and gainful.
Stalin built new cities from practically nothing so more industry would develop and to exploit the natural resources Russia has. However, in terms of industrialisation, it could be argued that Russia made significant progress throughout the s.
The main source of this labour was peasants, Kulaks and Jews. For example, peasants were encouraged to denounce others as kulaks, and children were encouraged to inform on anybody, even their own parents. The main objective of this extensive plan was for rapid industrialization, which was to be supported by a socialized agriculture.
But bythe government stopped promoting Stakhanovism, which suggests they knew such propaganda was ineffective. There is some evidence to suggest that some collectives had medical facilities, educational provisions and were popular but in many areas there were shortages of supplies needed for farming tractors and machines were often scarce.
Also the almost all of the Kulaks were killed or sent off to labour camps where they were tortured and made to work for many hours on end.Study Flashcards On Were Stalin's economic policies a success or a failure?
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Stalin’s economic policies had one essential aim—the modernisation of the Soviet economy via two essential methods: collectivisation and industrialisation. Beginning inmuch of Russia’s economy (in terms of agriculture and industry) was brought directly under state control.
Under Stalin, this. In this section, we will be evaluating the economic policies that Stalin has imposed on Soviet Union. Reasons why Stalin wanted to carry out the economic policies: 1.
To turn the Soviet Union into a modern world power. (Self-sufficient and militarily strong socialist state) 2. When Stalin assumed power over the Soviet Union inhe called for an immediate change of the economy. He put an end to the New Economic Policy, established by his predecessor Lenin, and ordered Gosplan, the Soviet planning committee, to create an overall plan for industrial development.
Other successes of Stalin’s economic policy were rearmament, improved labour productivity and new transport links. However, it would be incorrect to suggest that Stalin’s economic policy was completely successful as there were also failures in the years How successful were Stalin’s economic policies in the s?
Although it is unarguable to deny that there was certain economic progress in Stalinist Russia throughout the s, it is understandable to postulate that the policies implicated under Stalin’s regime were merely introduced primarily to consolidate his political hold on the USSR.Download