The history and effects of cocaine

Nosebleeds after cocaine insufflation are due to irritation and damage of mucus membranes by foreign particles and adulterants and not the cocaine itself;[ citation needed ] as a vasoconstrictor, cocaine acts to reduce bleeding.

Cocaine use in society increased and the dangers of the drug gradually became more evident. An overdose occurs when a person uses enough of a drug to produce serious adverse effects, life-threatening symptoms, or death.

Though the number of people using cocaine casually has remained stable over the years, the population of frequent, regular users is getting older and smaller over time, and the declining numbers of these habitual users has reduced overall spending on cocaine. Additionally, because cocaine is a vasoconstrictor, and usage often entails multiple injections within several hours or less, subsequent injections are progressively more difficult to administer, which in turn may lead to more injection attempts and more consequences from improperly performed injection.

Eventually, the public pressure became so great as to place a national prohibition on cocaine. That damage can also cause blood clots, which can lead to a stroke.

May Medical Cocaine hydrochloride Topical cocaine can be used as a local numbing agent to help with painful procedures in the mouth or nose. A recent study through the University of Cambridge examined the aging of the brain in people who abused cocaine and those who had no previous history of substance abuse.

InCoca-Cola began selling its drink in bottles. The Native Peruvians would chew the leaves of the coca plant during religious ceremonies to produce a stimulant effect that often included hallucinations both auditory and visual. The large cartels were dismantled by law enforcement agencies in the mids, but they were replaced by smaller groups—with more than known active drug smuggling organizations in Colombia today.

Cocaine seemed to be the perfect companion for a trip into the fast lane. The Spanish settlers believed that this made the Indians easier to control. Damage to brain structures can trigger addiction, which is a disease involving the reward circuits and dopamine systems.

Yes, a person can overdose on cocaine. The truth is that at this time there was a large drug culture affecting a broad sector of American society. The company removed cocaine from its products in —a move likely motivated more by racial bias and tightening regulations than by health concerns.

During this time, the US Government reported as many as 5, cocaine related deaths each year. Three thousand years before the birth of Christ, ancient Incas in the Andes chewed coca leaves to get their hearts racing and to speed their breathing to counter the effects of living in thin mountain air.

What Are the Effects of Cocaine on the Brain?

Even when used this way, some of the used cocaine may be absorbed through oral or nasal mucosa and give systemic effects. In many of the tonics that drug companies were producing at this time, cocaine would be mixed with opiates and administered freely to old and young alike.

From the s to the early s, cocaine and opium-laced elixirs magical or medicinal potionstonics and wines were broadly used by people of all social classes. Management involves supportive care and depends on the symptoms present. The s Crack Epidemic Crack usage began to surge in the s.


These efforts include closer cooperation and support for anti-narcotics efforts by the governments of Colombia and Peru, and more effective interdiction efforts by the US Coast Guard and other agencies, which have reduced the amount of cocaine reaching the US.

Anecdotal evidence of its effects is infrequently discussed, possibly due to social taboos in many cultures. Please review the contents of the article and add the appropriate references if you can.

Cocaine was a mainstay in the silent film industry.History Cocaine is a drug derived from the South American coca plant (Erythoxylon coca). It is a powerful stimulant and popular recreational drug.

However, there are legitimate medical uses for cocaine as a topical anesthetic used in certain head, neck and respiratory tract procedures, as well as a potent vasoconstrictor to help reduce. The duration of cocaine's effects depends on the amount taken and the route of administration.

Cocaine can be in the form of fine white powder, bitter to the taste. When inhaled or injected, it causes a numbing effect. When interpreting the results of a test, it is important to consider the cocaine usage history of the individual, since a.

It was cocaine’s euphoric and energizing effects on the consumer that was mostly responsible for skyrocketing Coca-Cola into its place as the most popular soft drink in history.

From the ’s to the early ’s, cocaine- and opium-laced elixirs, tonics and wines were broadly used by people of all social classes.

What are the long-term effects of cocaine?


The phrase “dope fiend” was originally coined many years ago to describe the negative side effects of constant cocaine use. As tolerance to the drug increases, it becomes necessary to take greater and greater quantities to get the same high. Cocaine's effects appear almost immediately and disappear within a few minutes to an hour.

How long the effects last and how intense they are depend on the method of use. Injecting or smoking cocaine produces a quicker and stronger but shorter-lasting high than snorting. The high from snorting cocaine may last 15 to 30 minutes. History of Cocaine. Cocaine was once sold as the wonder drug, that would cure almost any ailment and would treat pain like no other drug on the market.

Many years ago, in the days of Sigmund Freud and the pioneering surgeon William Halsted, is when the history of cocaine really sets its roots.

The history and effects of cocaine
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